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Egypt Travel Guide - Ταξιδιωτικός οδηγός για την Αίγυπτο

Travel guide for Egypt

Traveling to mysterious Egypt, a country of great history, godly kings ‘the pharaohs’ and the Nile, revolving to one of the most ancient cultures of the world. You will be enchanted by the sun gazing on its endless golden sands, busy markets, and the magnificent Nile, the largest river in the world. In the traveller’s guide below you will find all the information you need for your first visit to Egypt.

General Information

  • To enter the country you will need a Visa. For information on how to get one here.
  • The voltage in Egypt is about 220V, 50Hz and C/F plug type, (mostly used in Europe).
  • Egypt’s coin is the Egyptian pound, where $1.00 USD is about £15.74 EGP.
  • If you want to see the current value of the Egyptian pound you may check XE Currency Converter.
  • There are 4 companies that provide phone service: ‘Orange’, ‘Vodafone’, ‘Etisalat’, and ‘WE’ by the Egyptian government telecommunications entity “Egypt Telecom”. You may purchase a sim card for data once you arrive at the airport. Wi-Fi is not very advanced in most places. If you travel often you may get a ‘surf/roam’ sim card, which is recommended for global internet at a low cost and can be used in over 200 countries, including Egypt. For more info see here.
  • Regarding religion, 85-90% of the population follows Islam, of which very few are Sunnis and the remaining 10 to 15% are Christian. 
  • Egypt is mostly desert, about 90%.
  • The 12 months, 365-day calendar we use today was invented in Egypt.
  • Its largest cities are Cairo, which is also the county’s capital, Alexandria, Aswan, and Asyut.
  • Their national language is Arabic, and in large cities like Cairo and Alexandria, many people can speak English. Don’t expect the most fluent speakers though.
  • Find visa informations for all countries here.

Budget

Regarding accommodation in any destination, it is subject to one’s preference, some of the most important factors are if you are travelling alone or with company and how much you are willing to spend. A good way to figure out all these options is provided by many platforms that are available today which we will mention in a bit in this article. We are going to go over a full range of options for everyone here.

Low-end budget: If you are a little adventurous and don’t really care where you are going to spend the night and just want to see where the streets are going to take you there are options that start as low as $10 per night for a couple at cheap hostels in Cairo or in the broader area of Giza. They do not provide many facilities though and the bathroom is usually shared. There is also the option of getting an apartment at Luxor with a private bathroom with prices that don’t much exceed $20 for a couple per night.

Mid-range budget: For a mid-range budget around $25 to $79 the choices are plentiful. You can get a simple apartment in Cairo, pretty close to the center, for about $25, and for about $80 you can probably accommodate your whole family together.

High-end budget: Resorts can be pretty fair priced as well, there are many choices such as Sharm El Sheikh where prices start at $130 per night, including amenities like breakfast and pool access. Although some of the resorts can reach up to $700 per night for a suite for 3 people with all-inclusive.

See our “Where to stay in Cairo” article here.

Traditional Food in Egypt

Kushari: Their most traditional dish is made from rice, pasta, lentils, garbanzo beans (or chickpeas), fried onion, and a tomato-based sauce. 

Ful or Falafel: Ful is cooked fava beans, made in a few different ways, and falafel is garbanzo beans shaped into balls that resemble meatballs but are vegetarian. Usually served together.

Mahshi: Filled vegetables with hot rice and tomato sauce. Usually cooked in chicken or beef stock.

Hamam Mahshi: Filled pigeons or quail. As strange as it might sound a lot of people in Egypt enjoy this dish.

Kofta: Meatballs with vegetables.

EXTRA TIP: Do not drink tap water since it is high in chlorine content because of the pollution of the Nile. Use bottled water even to brush your teeth. You will notice even when you take a shower the smell of chlorine is pretty strong. When eating out even avoid soups with tap water because even though it is boiled there is still danger of poisoning. 

PERSONAL FACT: Aliki got food poisoning on our last day from a soup she ate at a restaurant. 

FUN FACT: Thankfully it was on the last day so we had already finished all the activities we wanted to do and because we were about to leave it didn’t affect our trip very much.

Transportation

There are many options in regards to transportation in Egypt  to make your stay more convenient. Some of them are:

Train: Connects the North to the South of the country. There are two main choices, with air conditioning or without. The first one is faster and comfortable, the second one is usually avoided by tourists because the trains have many stops, are dirtier and air conditioning is lacking.

Buses: Here choices are similar, we will also distinguish them as the ones with air conditioning and the ones without. Buses usually take longer because of the high traffic in the city and frequent stops.

Taxi: Taxis are faster than the buses and have different colours depending on the city they come from.

Metro: Is the fastest and most efficient way of transportation. Unfortunately, it is only available in Cairo.

Uber: Egypt also has Uber. It is considered one of the safest ways of transportation and the pricing is pretty fair since the prices are fixed. Available in Cairo, Alexandria, Hurghada, Mansoura, Tanda, and Damanhur. 

Tuk Tuk: A three-wheeled vehicle known as auto-rickshaw. A cross between a motorbike and a wagon, or a small car. For the more adventurous available at the lowest prices.

Ferry: Connects Sharm El-Sheikh with Hurghada and Nuweiba with Tanda.

Nile Taxi: It is the newest transportation in the country and it is available at certain locations in Cairo. It is the fastest and safest way to move around efficiently.

Best things to do in Egypt

Sharm El-Sheikh

City and Port of Egypt to the Red Sea which is a very popular attraction. This is because the city is next to the National Park Ras Mohamed, which attracts a lot of tourists and diving enthusiasts. You will find many resorts here.

Sharm el- sheikh to Egypt
Red Sea

Don’t miss out on the opportunity to dive into the Red Sea. It has the most colourful and full of life coral reefs. You can enjoy snorkelling here and indulge in the crystal waters and the rich aquatic life below the surface. 

scuba diving at Red Sea
Cairo

Capital of Egypt and the largest city of the Arab world and Africa. You should visit the Egyptian museum and see the mummies and the treasures of the pharaohs and Africa. As well as the famous Cairo Citadel of Salah Ad-Din. 

Cairo, the capital of Egypt

To learn more about Cairo read our article here.

Available tours and activities in Cairo here.

Giza

The Giza Necropolis (city of the dead) is the main reason most people visit Egypt. Also the oldest and only one remaining out of the ancient seven wonders the world is still preserved here, the Great Pyramid of Giza also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops. There are other sights in the area as well, like the Great Sphinx.

jump at pyramids area

Here you will find activities for when visiting the Pyramids.

White Desert 

Northwest of Cairo and National Park, white desert. It’s white color derives from centuries of corrosion from the wind. Sandstorms have created large rocky formations that are quite impressive. White rocks, in funny shapes, can reach up to 17 feet tall, or even more. At night as the dessert seems like it’s covered in snow due to the reflection of light. It is only accessible by 4×4 Vehicle or a Camel.

White Dessert at Egypt
Luxor

It is considered the largest open museum in the world. The structures of the temples of Luxor and Carnak are literally inside the city. Across the bank of the Nile, you can find the Theban Necropolis, The Valley of Kings, and The Valley of Queens. Here over 60 pharaoh tombs can be found.

The largest open museum in the world
Nile

Don’t miss out on the opportunity to take a mini-cruise on the river Nile. Ships are equipped with delicious local food and pretty belly dancing ladies to entertain you. There are still multi-day cruises available from Aswan to Luxor. For those who don’t have much time, they can also just take a small trip to Felucca.

Sunset at Nile river to Egypt
Alexandria

Alexandria was built by and named after Alexander the Great himself. A beacon of the Hellenistic ancient world, hosting one of the largest libraries ever built and its lighthouse ranking as one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. Both have been destroyed today, but there is a modern version of the library today and there is a lot more to see including the Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa, also one of the seven wonders of the middle world, during the middle ages.

qaitbay fortress in Alexandria

To learn more about Alexandria check our article here.

Packing Tips & When to go

Like anywhere else we are travelling our main purpose is to have fun, adventure and see where the road takes you. In order for no one to ruin it for us we need to be properly equipped.

Cotton clothes: Summers are generally very hot and dry, even in winter it can get really hot since there isn’t a real winter like in countries north or south of the equator. So we recommend you wear cotton or linen clothes for maximum comfort.

Sunglasses and hat: Obviously. There is going to be sun always and everywhere all day, all the time so better be protected and better enjoy it than getting tormented by it.

Sunscreen or spf oil: Highly recommended when journeying under the hot sun in the desert all day, especially when you have many outdoor activities to attend to. Sunburns are very likely otherwise if you are not very tanned naturally or not wearing long sleeves.

Mosquito protection: Super necessary equipment for any traveller in Egypt. You will definitely need it especially if you are staying close to the Nile or even more if you are taking one of the cruises down the river; mosquitos love rivers and lakes.

Shoes: Because Egypt doesn’t have a very crazy nightlife it’s better to leave your fancy shoes at home. You will definitely need comfortable shoes because there is a lot of walking to be done.

Adapter: Good thing to have a plug adapter with you. If you travel often we recommend a travelling adapter. Some of them can transform and match almost any plug in the world.

Regarding when is the best time to visit I would say November to March. Temperatures are more bearable and you will be able to move around with less hassle. We personally chose to visit the country in December and we didn’t regret it since the weather was pretty conducive and temperatures wouldn’t go higher than 75°F.

Useful words

HiSalam
Good morningSabah el Kher
Good eveningMasa el Kher
Thank youShukran
PleaseAfwan
YesNaam
NoLa

Useful Sites & Apps

Throughout the years we have been travelling we usually look for apps or websites that help us to get around better, either before or during the trip. In this way we have access to useful information like where can we get the best deals and expand our options. We usually make our choices on what activities we are going to do and where to go with help from those apps and follow the best ratings. Some we used are:

Booking.com

With a plethora of choices, traveller points that help you get better deals the more you travel, promo codes for you and your friends, with available credit options as well and much more. Start booking and see for yourselves. For available rooms and prices look here.

Air Bnb

With more than a million properties around the world and still growing. A very popular choice for those looking for more affordable options even at the most expensive locations. Having the choice to pick an apartment or even a whole villa would make you feel more at home while you travel. Check for available rooms here.

Hotels.com

Registering here is free and easy. Every hotel on this platform will grant a free tenth night, so if you stay for ten nights the tenth night is free.

Trip Advisor

I don’t know anyone that has ever travelled and not used this platform for reviews or information about almost any location around the world. Hundreds of millions or reviews are available for most interesting locations when one is traveling. It can even help you find interesting things to do where you live and haven’t noticed yet.

Omio.com

Anything you need a click away. Find the best deals on trains, buses, flights, or even ferry tickets. Travel to thousands of destinations in Canada, the USA, and Europe. I often check here when I am already on a trip and I need to visit some neighbouring town or city. Check available routes here.

Kiwi.com

The first place to visit before any trip for advice on the fastest and most efficient search engine for flights, especially when you are trying to find the best deals. We love the option to choose any location and get the cheapest options for a fixed timeframe. This way you don’t even have to pick where to go, save money and have a spontaneous trip. For available flights and prices look here.

GetYourGuide

And for whomever likes activities and adventures or are even interested in museums and historical locations there is anything available to do and can be mostly found on this platform. You can even set a time and location to find what to do and not waste time waiting. Only make sure you check the reviews to know what to expect at each different activity or visit. We have used it many times throughout Africa, Asia, and the USA without any issues. For available activities and tours check here.

Discover Cars

For car rentals at the lowest prices, servicing in over 150 countries and with the best deals and support in over 12 different languages for your own leisure.

Hotel Tonight

Here you will find last minute discounts on vacancies from hotels. This is an amazingly simple app and it doesn’t take long to book a room. You may search in each town for sights and maps. Furthermore, you can check the reviews and photos of other travellers in order to be sure about the trustworthiness of each hotel. It also has a 24/7 customer service. If you’re stuck somewhere and you need a room desperately, this is the perfect app for you.

City Maps 2Go

Maps for travelling, hiking, mountain cycling and many other activities. A necessary app for every adventure, activity or touring abroad. You may only download one map per country, whereas it was possible to download two in the past. For an additional map you need to pay.

You can mark all the places of interest on the map you have downloaded. Whether they are sights, shops, or restaurants you can use the directions guide to get there. The great advantage to this app is that you don’t need to have internet connection although it might get stuck a few times. Nevertheless, it is quite a reliable and useful app.

EXTRA TIP

Once you have marked all the places you want to visit prior to your trip, you can also book your accommodation accordingly. This way you can be sure you’ll be staying somewhere close to all places of interest.

iVisa.com

More information for the necessary travel documents, depending on your nationality and destination can be found here.

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